Effects of Salinity and Mycorrhizal Inoculation (Glomus fasciculatum) on Growth Responses of Grape Rootstocks (Vitis spp.)

  • D. Belew Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • T. Astatkie Nova Scotia Agricultural College, P.O. Box 550, Truro, Nova Scotia, B2N 5E3, Canada
  • M.N. Mokashi University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad 580005, Dharwad, India
  • Y. Getachew Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • C.P. Patil University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad 580005, Dharwad, India

Abstract

A pilot experiment was conducted to determine the effects of soil salinity and inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal
fungus (Glomus fasciculatum) on growth (shoot length, leaf number, internode length, and total dry weight), spore
count and root colonisation of grape rootstocks (Salt Creek, St. George, Dogridge and 1613). Analysis of variance
results revealed that increasing salinity reduces growth, spore count and root colonisation, with St. George rootstock
showing the highest reduction. Although all rootstocks responded positively to mycorrhizal inoculation, the extent
of host preference varied significantly. Dogridge was the least preferred, while the 1613 rootstock was the most
preferred. The arbuscular fungal symbiosis increased vegetative growth, with 1613 attaining the highest growth
under saline conditions. All the inoculated rootstocks exhibited longer internodes, indicating the beneficial role
of mycorrhizal inoculation for improving plant growth and salt tolerance. Based on overall growth and total dry
matter accumulation, the salt tolerance ranking of the four rootstocks, in decreasing order, was Dogridge, Salt
Creek, 1613 and St. George.
Published
2016-12-12
Section
Articles