Influence of Winemaking Practices on the Characteristics of Winery Wastewater and Water Usage of Wineries
AbstractThe winemaking industry produces large volumes of wastewater that pose an environmental threat if
not treated correctly. The increasing numbers of wineries and the demand for wine around the world
are adding to the growing problem. The vinification process includes all steps of the winemaking
process, from the receipt of grapes to the final packaged product in the bottle. To fully understand all
the aspects of winery wastewater it is important to know the winemaking processes before considering
possible treatments. Winemaking is seen as an art and all wineries are individual, hence treatment
solutions should be different. Furthermore, wastewater also differs from one winery to another
regarding its volume and composition and therefore is it vital for a detailed characterisation of the
wastewater to fully understand the problem before managing it. However, prevention is better than
cure. There are a number of winemaking practices that can help lower the volume of the wastewater
produced to decrease the work load of the treatment system and increase the efficiency of treatment.
A copyright form will be e-mailed to the corresponding author when the manuscript has been accepted for publication.
In principle, the Author agrees to the following when he/she signes the copyright agreement:
I hereby assign to the SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR ENOLOGY AND VITICULTURE (SASEV) the copyright of the text, tables, figures, supplementary material, illustrations and other information (the Material) submitted with the manuscript to be published in SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ENOLOGY AND VITICULTURE (SAJEV) (the "Article"). The copyright becomes effective from the date the Article has been accepted for publication in SAJEV.
This is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged, when works are cited.
Author's may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, theses, dissertations, conferences and conference papers.
A copy of the authors' publishers version may also be hosted on the following websites:
- Non-commercial personal webpage or blog.
- Institutional webpage.
- Authors Institutional Repository.
The following notice should accompany such a posting on the website: This is an electronic version of an article published in SAJEV, Volume XXX, number XXX, pages XXX - XXX, DOI. Authors should also supply a hyperlink to the original paper or indicate where the original paper (www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev/) may be found.
Authors publishers version, affiliated with the Stellenbosch University will be automatically deposited in the University's Institutional Repository SUNScholar.
Articles as a whole, may not be re-published with another journal.
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-NC-ND 4.0