Is Haplothrips clarisetis Priesner (Thysanoptera: Tubulifera) an Economic Threat to Table Grapes in the Lower Orange River Production Region of South Africa?

  • Elleunorah Allsopp Agricultural Research Council Infruitec-Nietvoorbij
  • Michael Stiller Agricultural Research Council Plant Health and Protection: Biosystematics


Table grape producers and consultants in the Lower Orange River region, Northern Cape province,
have been reporting conspicuous, fairly large, black thrips on new growth and inflorescences early in
the growing season in recent years. These thrips were identified as Haplothrips clarisetis Priesner and
H. nigricornis Bagnall, both indigenous species widely distributed in South Africa and Africa. The aim
of this investigation was to determine if H. clarisetis causes any damage to table grapes and if it poses
an economic threat to the industry in the Northern Cape province. Inspections were conducted over
two seasons during flowering and fruit set, prior to and after harvest in four vineyards near Augrabies
(28.7630 S, 20.5668 E) and four in the Blouputs Valley (28.4631 S, 20.0789 E) where Haplothrips had
previously been reported. Developing inflorescences, bunches, leaves and shoot tips were inspected for the
presence of Haplothrips and for any signs of feeding damage. Very few thrips were found and no signs of
feeding were observed. Adult H. clarisetis were collected from flowering grape bunches and from flowers
of Osteospermum microcarpum (Asteraceae) and Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (Aizoaceae) growing
wild adjacent to the vineyards and confined on grapevine flowering bunches, leaves and a single shoot tip.
Daily inspections showed no signs of feeding damage on the shoot tip, leaves or inflorescences and thrips
did not survive for more than three days on average. We therefore conclude that H. clarisetis does not pose
an economic threat to table grapes in the Lower Orange River region.


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Author Biographies

Elleunorah Allsopp, Agricultural Research Council Infruitec-Nietvoorbij

Senior researcher: entomology

ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij, Stellenbosch, South Africa

Michael Stiller, Agricultural Research Council Plant Health and Protection: Biosystematics

Specialist taxonomist

ARC-Plant Health and Protection, Biosystematics, Queenswood, South Africa