Shoot Heterogeneity Effects on Shiraz/Richter 99 Grapevines. I. Vegetative Growth
AbstractIn this study the vegetative growth parameters of normally developed and underdeveloped shoots were compared in an attempt to quantify shoot heterogeneity in a Shiraz/Richter 99 vineyard. A field trial was performed in the Stellenbosch area,Western Cape, South Africa. Comparisons based on certain vegetative growth parameters were made between normally developed and underdeveloped shoots from both shaded and well-exposed canopies. The longer primary shoots of the normally developed shoots matured earlier in the season, with less apparent competition between shoot lignification and grape ripening. Reserves were more evenly distributed in these shoots. Total starch content over the whole shoot was found to be higher in the normally developed shoots, particularly when well
exposed. More and longer secondary shoots occurred on the normally developed shoots than on the underdeveloped shoots. No difference was found in the number of primary leaves (leaves on primary shoots) between
normally developed and underdeveloped shoots, although the leaf area was much larger in the case of the former. Normally developed shoots had more and larger secondary leaves (leaves on secondary shoots), while all the leaves that developed in the shaded canopies were found to be larger than those in the well-exposed canopies with a higher leaf area:mass ratio. The normally developed shoots seemed to have a greater potential for producing a higher yield, with better quality, than the underdeveloped shoots, as they have a more desirable leaf area composition in addition to a larger total leaf area per shoot.
A copyright form will be e-mailed to the corresponding author when the manuscript has been accepted for publication.
In principle, the Author agrees to the following when he/she signes the copyright agreement:
I hereby assign to the SOUTH AFRICAN SOCIETY FOR ENOLOGY AND VITICULTURE (SASEV) the copyright of the text, tables, figures, supplementary material, illustrations and other information (the Material) submitted with the manuscript to be published in SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ENOLOGY AND VITICULTURE (SAJEV) (the "Article"). The copyright becomes effective from the date the Article has been accepted for publication in SAJEV.
This is an open access journal, and the authors and journal should be properly acknowledged, when works are cited.
Author's may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, theses, dissertations, conferences and conference papers.
A copy of the authors' publishers version may also be hosted on the following websites:
- Non-commercial personal webpage or blog.
- Institutional webpage.
- Authors Institutional Repository.
The following notice should accompany such a posting on the website: This is an electronic version of an article published in SAJEV, Volume XXX, number XXX, pages XXX - XXX, DOI. Authors should also supply a hyperlink to the original paper or indicate where the original paper (www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev/) may be found.
Authors publishers version, affiliated with the Stellenbosch University will be automatically deposited in the University's Institutional Repository SUNScholar.
Articles as a whole, may not be re-published with another journal.
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-NC-ND 4.0