Changes in Polyphenol Oxidase Activity During Rooting of Hardwood Cuttings in Three Grape Rootstocks Under Indian Conditions

  • J. Satisha National Research Centre for Grapes, Pune, India – 412 307
  • P. Raveendran National Research Centre for Grapes, Pune, India – 412 307
  • N.D. Rokade National Research Centre for Grapes, Pune, India – 412 307

Abstract

Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity was investigated during rooting in cuttings from the rootstocks Dog ridge, 110 R
and St. George, belonging to different Vitis species. Enzyme activity and rooting ability were analysed. Significant
differences were found in PPO activity among different rootstocks, with Dog ridge and 110 R having the highest PPO
activity during the initial period of planting, followed by a decrease in enzyme activity. In St. George, the enzyme
activity was least during the initial periods, but it increased throughout the experiment. The initiation of rooting
primordia was observed until 60 to 90 days after planting in Dog ridge and 110 R rootstocks, while it was observed
120 days after planting in St. George, suggesting differences in the rooting behaviour of the rootstocks. The status
of various biochemical components of the mother vines, such as total phenols, reducing sugars, carbohydrates,
nitrogen, C:N ratio, etc. were analysed to investigate the influence of these constituents on the rooting ability of the
rootstocks apart from PPO activity.
Published
2016-12-13
Section
Articles