Attempted Identification of Causal Constituents of Pink Discolouration in White Wines

Abstract

The pinking phenomenon has been known in the wine world for the past 50 years. The phenomenon
occurs when a white wine turns pink under certain conditions. Since then, a Portuguese study found
malvidin-3-O-glucoside in Siria grapes making a connection to anthocyanin as the causing agent. Control
(K), naturally pinked (NP) and pink induced (PI) Sauvignon blanc wine samples were analysed by LCMS
and WineScanTM (Fourier Transform Infrared – FTIR) after Solid Phase Extraction. The monomeric
anthocyanins were analysed by a pH differential method, and CieLab was used to differentiate colour
differences between the control and pinked samples. It was found that malvidin-3-O-glucoside was below
the threshold values to facilitate pinking in Sauvignon blanc wines. Petunidin-3-O-glucoside showed a
slight peak in the LC-MS analysis, and together with the malvidin-3-O-glucoside, the potential to pink
the white wines increased. FTIR results showed that phenols and anthocyanins absorption could not be
distinguished and that there were possibly other compounds involved in the pinking of white wines. Analysis
by CieLab expressed the PI wines as a darker pink colour than the control wine and the absorbency value
at 500 nm was at least three times higher for PI than the control, showing the aggressive oxidative nature
of H2O2 on wine.

Author Biographies

A.P. Nel, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Faculty of Applied Sciences

Department of Agriculture

Lecturer / Researcher

Adres: Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Wellington Campus, Hexberg Rd, Wellington, 7655, South Africa

W.J. du Toit, Stellenbosch University

Department of Viticulture and Oenology, Stellenbosch University, Matieland, Stellenbosch

F.P. van Jaarsveld, ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij

Post-harvest and Agro-processing Technologies Division, ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij (The Fruit, Vine and Wine Institute of the Agricultural Research Council), Stellenbosch

Published
2022-04-12
Section
Articles