Influence of Grapevine Leafroll-associated Virus-3 in Mature Plants of Vitis vinifera L. cv Albariño on 110R and 196.17C Rootstocks

  • C. Cabaleiro UNIVERSIDAD DE SANTIAGO de COMPOSTELA
  • A.M. Pesqueira
  • J.J. García-Berrios Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Escola Politécnica Superior de Enxeñaría, Campus Terra, 27002, Lugo, Spain.

Abstract

The detrimental effects of grapevine leafroll disease (GLD) have been documented mainly in young plantsand little data is available on infected grapevines when they reach maturity. This study examined theinfluence of the rootstock on the effect of GLRaV-3 in a 20-year-old Vitis vinifera cv Albariño vineyard inwhich the virus has been spread by Planococcus ficus. Plants grafted on Richter 110 or Castell 196.17 withsimilar development were analysed for grapevine leafroll-associated viruses. In particular, 25 GLRaV-3-infected and 25 leafroll-free and asymptomatic vines were selected and monitored during a period of threeyears to determine grape yield and must components. Although the virus infection affected plants on bothrootstocks, it caused a greater effect on plants grafted onto 110R, with average accumulated yield losses ofup to 33%, relative to losses of 16% for plants on 196.17C. The sugar content was lower in the must frominfected plants on 110R (-2.1ºBrix) than in the must from plants on 196.17C (-1.5ºBrix). The presence ofthe virus was associated with decreased concentrations of primary amino nitrogen (PAN) and ammonium(NH4+), with the greatest effect for 110R (-35%). As 110R is the most used rootstock in Spain, particularcare must be taken to prevent the transmission of GLRaV-3 to certified virus-free plants on 110R in newvineyards. In sensitive varieties such as Albariño, particularly in areas with an active spread of the virusby mealybugs, grafting on 196.17C seems to minimise the effect that GLD has in a medium to long term.

Author Biographies

C. Cabaleiro, UNIVERSIDAD DE SANTIAGO de COMPOSTELA
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Escola Politécnica Superior de Enxeñaría, Campus Terra, Lugo
A.M. Pesqueira
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Escola Politécnica Superior de Enxeñaría, Campus Terra, Lugo
J.J. García-Berrios, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Escola Politécnica Superior de Enxeñaría, Campus Terra, 27002, Lugo, Spain.
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Escola Politécnica Superior de Enxeñaría, Campus Terra, Lugo
Published
2021-08-17
Section
Articles