Acute renal failure in the cardiac intensive care unit – A practical approach to management

Geoffrey Bihl, Thomas Mabin, Derek Fine


The association between cardiovascular disease and acute renal failure (ARF) and acute-on-chronic renal failure is less well defined. In the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU), the presence of ARF imparts a significant mortality. The predominant aetiology of ARF in the CICU relates to hypotension, although other causes are certainly involved too, and both contrast nephropathy and cholesterol embolisation may be associated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Despite the availability of renal replacement therapies, preventative measures remain the most important element of management. Specific therapy includes management of the patient’s volume status, vasoactive medication and renal replacement therapy in the way of dialysis. In the setting of acute renal failure, both patient and renal outcome is improved with the early involvement of a nephrological service.

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 2071-4602 (online) ISSN: 1996-6741 (print)

Copyright © 2017 SA Heart Journal

Hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2017.

Creative Commons License -CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.