Wine and heart health: learning from the French paradox
AbstractWine with good food (albeit fatty) is an integral part of the French dietary pattern which is often called the French paradox. We note that among the inherent compounds in wine, especially red, that could confer cardioprotection, are resveratrol and melatonin. However, we do not think that drinking red wine is the sole explanation for the French paradox, whereby a rich high fat diet is associated with a lower than expected incidence of coronary heart disease. Rather, we note differences in French social behaviour – French eating is for refined pleasure and conviviality. ''Food is bought, cooked, and celebrated.'' Gardening with the availability and love of fresh vegetables is common. This lifestyle may be the key to the French paradox which, however, seems to be a passing phenomenon as dietary patterns and passion for gardening change even in France. Recent data suggest that, after all, the French are susceptible to the same rules as are other nations. The true Mediterranean diet pattern, found only in the relatively small geographic part of the South of France, is by contrast low in fat, with little red meat and rich in fish and olive oil. Like the French diet, it emphasises fresh fruit and vegetables and includes modest wine with the meals.
Copyright (c) 2017 SA Heart Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
This journal is an open access journal, and the authorsÂ and journal should be properly acknowledged, when works are cited.
Authors may use the publishers version for teaching purposes, in books, theses, dissertations, conferences and conference papers.Â
A copy of the authors’ publishers version may also be hosted on the following websites:
- Non-commercial personal homepage or blog.
- Institutional webpage.
- Authors Institutional Repository.Â
The following notice should accompany such a posting on the website: “This is an electronic version of an article published in SAHJ, Volume XXX, number XXX, pages XXX–XXX”, DOI.Â Authors should also supply a hyperlink to the original paper or indicate where the original paper (http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/SAHJ) may be found.Â
Authors publishers version, affiliated with the Stellenbosch University will be automatically deposited in the University’s’ Institutional Repository SUNScholar.
Articles as a whole, may not be re-published with another journal.
Copyright Holder: SA Heart Journal
The following license applies:
Attribution CC BY-NC-ND 4.0