An analysis of patients with chronic kidney disease newly referred to a specialized renal service in Sudan

Keywords: chronic kidney disease, primary health care, Sudan


Background: Limited data are available regarding the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) outside the specialized nephrology services in Sudan. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at Dr Salma Centre for Kidney Diseases (DSCKD) in Khartoum, Sudan. We aimed to determine the timing and reasons for referral of patients to specialized  nephrology services and to evaluate the management of CKD at primary care level. Newly referred adult patients with CKD were recruited between July and September 2018. Information was extracted from the referral notes, from follow-up records at DSCKD and via direct interview of patients. Data analysis was performed using SPSS. Results: A total of 244 patients were studied. Their mean age was 55 ± 13 years and 210 (86%) were on regular follow-up at primary care level. Hypertensive kidney disease and diabetic nephropathy were the leading causes of CKD. Most patients (78%) were timeously referred with CKD stage 3 or 4. Referrals were mostly due to elevated creatinine levels (35%), non-resolving nephrotic syndrome (27%) and upon patients’ request (28%). Most patients (60%) did not require significant m odifications to their ma nagement; 25 pa tients (1 1%) were late referrals and scheduled for urgent dialysis. Conclusions: The current study reflects a good level of awareness regarding the management of CKD at primary care level and appropriate timing of referrals in most cases.


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How to Cite
Shigidi, Mazin, Sahar Ebrahim, and Wieam Karrar. 2021. “An Analysis of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Newly Referred to a Specialized Renal Service in Sudan”. African Journal of Nephrology 24 (1), 12-18.
Original articles