The short and one-year outcome of transcatheter Patent Ductus Arteriosus closure at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban, South Africa: A Descriptive retrospective chart review

K. Koolash, E.G.M. Hoosen


Background: Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus is a common intervention worldwide. A review of the outcomes of patients undergoing this procedure was undertaken at a central hospital in Durban, South Africa.

Methods: Retrospective observational descriptive study of the short (<1 year) and long-term (>1 year) efficacy and safety of patients who underwent transcatheter closure of PDA from January 2010 - December 2015 at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital (IALCH), Durban, KwaZulu-Natal.

Results: Over the 5 years, 181 patients underwent cardiac catheterisation for PDA closure: 170 (93.9%) had successful percutaneous closure, and 11 (6.07%) required surgical ligation. Mean age was 30.2 ± 9.7 months, weight 11.2kg ± 3.6kg, PDA diameter on echocardiography was 3.64mm (SD ± 0.97mm), fluoroscopy time 13.66 minutes (SD ± 4.37min) and radiation dose 468.61 microGrays (SD ± 149.9microGrays). Devices used included the Amplatzer Duct Occluder (ADO) I, ADO II, ADO II AS, Cera, Occlutech, detachable coils and vascular plugs. Twenty-five patients (15%) had complications (6 major: 2 device embolisation, 1 blood loss and 3 pulse loss).

Conclusion: Percutaneous PDA closure at IALCH, South Africa, had a comparable level of safety and efficacy to reports from other centres.


transcatheter; patent ductus arteriosus

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 2071-4602 (online) ISSN: 1996-6741 (print)

Copyright © 2017 SA Heart Journal

Hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2017.

Creative Commons License -CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.