Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defects in childhood

  • S.C. Brown Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Paediatrics & Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
  • A.D. Bruwer Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Paediatrics & Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
  • F.E. Smit Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein

Abstract

Ventricular septal defect is the most common congenital cardiac lesion. Surgery was, until recently, the only modality of treatment available. Since the first percutaneous closure was attempted, new devices have been developed and used to close these defects. The procedure is safe and effective if the defects are selected correctly with closure being achieved in more than 90% of patients. Morbidity and mortality are acceptable and comparable to surgery. However, percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure is difficult, technically challenging and should only be attempted in units with adequate experience, equipment and support.
Published
2017-04-25
Section
Articles