Transcutanous aortic valve replacement with Medtronic CoreValve in a publicprivate partnership hospital complex

Hendrik du T. Theron, Stephen C. Brown, Francis E. Smit, Edward W. Turton, Christian J. Jordaan, Coert W. de Vries, Jacques J. van Rensburg, Jan D. Marx


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the initial experience of transcutaneous aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in a high risk aortic stenosis population not suitable for conventional surgical valve replacement. Background: No data exist for TAVI with Medtronic CoreValve in South Africa and especially not in a public private partnership hospital complex. Methods: Retrospective data regarding severe aortic stenosis evaluation, risk stratifi cation and management were evaluated over a 24 month period. Results: A total of 106 patients were evaluated of whom
17 were accepted for surgical valve replacement (SVR) while TAVI was attempted in 25. The CoreValve was successfully implanted in 96% (24/25) of the cases. No procedural or peri-procedural deaths occurred. Three
patients required permanent pacemaker insertion in the peri-procedural period and 2 patients had vascular access complications requiring blood transfusion only. Median hospital stay was 3.7days (range: 2 - 7). Aortic valve gradient showed a signifi cant reduction after valve implantation, which was sustained during follow-up (p<0.001). NYHA class symptomatology also improved from a median of 3.3 to 1.0 (p<0.001). During follow-up there were 4 late deaths, not related to the procedure, occurring after 78 to 193 days. Average cost for private and government patients were R268 000.00 and R163 000.00 respectively. Conclusions: The CoreValve can be implanted with a high success rate. Short term mortality and morbidity are acceptable. Signifi cant symptomatic improvement is gained at follow-up. The fi nancial implications are important.

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ISSN: 2071-4602 (online) ISSN: 1996-6741 (print)

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