Intervention for congenital and structural heart disease: Beyond the cradle

  • Hellmuth Weich Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Hospital
  • Stephen Brown Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein


During the last four decades we have seen an exponential growth in interventions (both medical and invasive) to diagnose and treat adult cardiac disorders. Coronary stents are in their fourth generation and the developments in cardiac pacing and electrophysiology has shown the same rapid growth. Large numbers of patients at risk who require these treatment modalities have driven these developments and the interventions have made a difference to the lives of hundreds of thousands of patients across the globe.