Investigating the Appropriateness and Validity of the Academic Motivation Scale-College Version for South African First-Year University Students

  • Adéle Kapp Master’s student at the WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University
  • Karina Mostert Professor at Management Cybernetics, North-West University
  • Leon de Beer Professor at the WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University


South African universities have one of the lowest graduation rates in the world, especially amongst
first-year university students. South Africa’s first-year university students are taxed with tremendous
challenges. One of the most important amongst these challenges is considered to be academic
motivation, which is strongly related to students’ academic success. Despite this, to date, little work has
been undertaken to source and validate a reliable instrument to measure students’ academic motivation.
This article is based on the proposition that there is a pressing need for a valid and reliable instrument
that measures academic motivation and its effect on students’ academic success. The psychometric
properties of the Academic Motivation Scale-College version were examined for first-year university
students. The findings are promising for using this scale to measure academic motivation of first-year
university students.